Egypt’s Christian community, which comprises roughly 10 percent of the population and is the largest Christian minority in the Middle East, has suffered legal and social discrimination for decades. The Sultan Al-Ghuri Complex, for example, is one of many buildings in the center of the city which is covered in a gray and black crust from the air pollution.  In an attempt to solve this problem, grass was planted around the base of the temples.  Emergency archaeological digs and projects were conducted to retrieve as much as possible from these sites that have been so well preserved by the arid climate. Rule of Experts: Egypt, Techno-politics, Modernity. Attempts to reduce traffic congestion have increased in the last several years. Egypt claims to support and stress the importance of water and agricultural projects in order to preserve its environment and allow for the Nile to develop an abundance of resources.  The creation of Grand Renaissance Dam would not affect Egypt's share of Nile as it is not constructed for irrigation but rather hydroelectricity. Meanwhile, about 6.8% of Egyptian children under the age 5 were underweight in 2008. The risk of collapse is so high that the authorities were forced to fill with sand the bases of some of the most endangered buildings, including the crypt of Abu Mena with the tomb of the Saint, and close them to the public. Egypt has once threatened to go to war over water conflict against Ethiopia and Tanzania in the past.. The main objective is to preserve natural resources, biological diversity and national heritage in relation to sustainable development. Although, countries like that of Western Europe, Japan and North America have higher demands on world resources. About 90% of the total population of Egypt are Sunni Muslims. Almost half of the total population of Egypt (about 43.4%) lives in urban areas in major cities and towns such as Cairo the capital of Egypt (Cairo contains about 11 million people), Alexandria (another major city.  However, these open spaces with parks and gardens offered ideal locations for development and have since been considered attractive targets for profitable real estate.  In 2012, The Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS) reported 2.07 million licensed vehicles in Cairo. Most recently, the Egyptian government has proposed the construction of an entirely new capital city. The Nile allowed for 124 million tons of sediment to be carried to the sea each year and after the creation of the dam 98% of that sediment fell under the dam.. As of April 25, 2014 Ethiopia has completed 32% of the Grand Renaissance Dam. , The high number of cars on the road is the result of many factors such as government subsidies on fuel, limited public transportation options, and enhanced credit opportunities from banks. Selim, S.A., A.M. Hamdan, and A.A. Rdy. , The plans have received skepticism for being fairly ambitious, boasting new administrative and government buildings, an international airport, a technology and innovation park, solar energy farms, eighteen hospitals, and thousands of schools and universities. Web. The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces have affected Egyptians during Egypt's revolutionary years. AP, Dec. 27 1987. The East Owainat Project is another development project in the southern valley of Egypt which is irrigated by a nearby groundwater reservoir. Meixler, Louis.  Watering the grass also damaged the site by raising the humidity levels in the sandstone.  Some monuments were given to foreign museums for their aid in preserving sites flooded by Lake Nasser. Although Egypt covers a vast area of land (1,001,450sq km), the majority of its total population lives near the banks of the Nile River, in an area of about 40,000sq km ( or 15,000sq mi) why because the only arable land is found near the banks of the Nile River. Among these agricultural projects, the construction of villages were created to provide for the irrigation strategies following from that of Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt as a means of strengthening Egypt's economy at the height of its capitalist endeavors during the British occupation. . Egypt is the most populated country in the Middle East and North Africa region (MENA) with over 96 million inhabitants. , Buildings made of limestone like Al-Ghuri are susceptible to erosion by pollution because the crust that forms disrupts the integrity of the stone and falls off, removing the outer surface of the building with it.  Cairo has a poor factor because of lack of rain and its layout of tall buildings and narrow streets, which create a bowl effect (bad ventilation and consequent trapping of pollutants). The project Al-Ein Es-Sokhna New Port is located near the Suez Gulf and is a 4 km canal that connects the passage route of the Suez Canal to the Al-Ein Es-Sokhna New Port that has 4 basins that accommodate ships. ", City planners have proposed the construction of megacities, built from the ground up, to diffuse populations out of Cairo. For many Egyptians concerned with unemployment, red … Compared to a country like Swaziland, Egypt is almost HIV-free. By turning multiplication into addition, this powerful technique made otherwise intractable problems into something that anyone with basic training could accomplish. With an average traffic speed less than 10 kilometers per hour and an average commute time at 37 minutes, the congestion has grown to limit the city's productivity and efficiency. AfricanGlobe, 6 Feb. 2014. Egypt threatened over roads `vandalism' near pyramids. Education Problems In Egypt 1691 Words | 7 Pages. This has had significant economic effects, costing the country $8 billion annually, equivalent to almost 4% of Egypt's gross domestic product (GDP), resulting from lost work hours, wasted fuel, and the environmental impacts of those additional emissions. Renewables and the private sector are the key to reforming Egypt’s energy sector. Text Size: A A A. Underground Pollution Imperils Egypt's Relics. Egypt's influence to propose a halt on the Dam is at difficult transition. Former President Mubarak emphasized the necessity of desert expansion in a speech to parliament in 2006, stating, "Leaving the narrow (Nile) valley and fanning out, in a planned and organized manner, throughout the country, has become an unavoidable necessity. 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