Nyssa Aquatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft 5in) at a medium rate. Marshes are defined as wetlands frequently or continually inundated with water, characterized by emergent soft-stemmed vegetation adapted to saturated soil conditions. It will grow in average moist soil or in very wet conditions. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: No known diseases or … Noteworthy Characteristics Nyssa aquatica, commonly called tupelo gum or water tupelo, is a large aquatic tree that is native to floodplains and swamps from Florida to Texas north to Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky and Virginia. Pests and Diseases No pests or diseases are of major concern but it is occasionally bothered by tupelo leaf miner, scale, rust, and leaf spot. It has a swollen base, large hanging fruit, and brittle twigs that distinguish it from the Blackgum. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Tough skins with a thin layer of acid flesh over the seed. Dark purple fruit (drupes to 1" long) mature in fall. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to It grows to 80’ (less frequently to 100') tall and features a swollen base (like bald cypress), upward tapering trunk and rounded spreading crown. BOTANICAL AND ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS SPECIES: Nyssa sylvatica, N. biflora GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS: Blackgum is a medium- to large-sized, native, deciduous tree, frequently 60 to 80 feet high (18-24 m) [22,31]. Nyssa sylvatica, the most widely grown species in the UK, was introduced in the 1750s from eastern North America and is known by several common names including Tupelo, Black gum tree, Cotton gum, Pepperidge, and Sour gum tree. Nyssa aquatica L.. Water Tupelo. There are many different kinds of marshes, ranging from the prairie potholes to the Everglades, coastal to inland, freshwater to saltwater. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Nyssa aquatica, or Water Tupelo, is a native, large, long-lived deciduous tree in the tupelo genus that inhabits deep river or coastal swamps in the Southeastern United States that are usually flooded most of the year. Pests and Diseases. Nyssa aquatica, commonly called the water tupelo, cottongum, wild olive, large tupelo, tupelo-gum, or water-gum, is a large, long-lived tree in the tupelo genus (Nyssa) that grows in swamps and floodplains in the Southeastern United States. Britton, N.L., and A. It … SWAMP TREE, NYSSA AQUATICA' LAURA FOSTER HUENNEKE2 AND REBECCA R. SHARITZ3 Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, Drawer E, Aiken, South Carolina 29801 ABSTRACT We investigated physical characteristics of several substrate types in a South Carolina riverine swamp forest, and the effect of those characteristics upon germination and seedling growth of The root is sometimes used for making floats. It has a swollen base, large hanging fruit, and brittle twigs that distinguish it from the Blackgum. Nyssa aquatica Water Tupelo Large tree of swamps and wetlands; Valued for timber; Height: 35-50 Feet Spread: 20-30 Feet Hardiness Zone: 6 - 9 Interesting Notes: Water tupelo has a swollen base that tapers to a long, clear bole and often occurs in pure stands. Application, location and plant characteristics of the Nyssa aquatica in the Ebben Nurseries TreeEbb. (continued) … It will grow in moist sites with some standing water. Trees are primarily dioecious (male and female flowers on separate trees), but sometimes a few perfect flowers appear on the same tree. Leaves turn yellow in fall. This plant has a beautiful yellow fall color. Nyssa aquatica . Nyssa sylvatica forms a large deep taproot when young that makes transplanting difficult. They are usually identifiable by their differences in habitats: black tupelo on light-textured soils of uplands and stream bottoms, swamp tupelo on heavy organic or clay soils of wet bottom lands. R. L. Johnson. Before sediment amendment, the vegetation did not differ in these Taxodium distichum–Nyssa aquatica forests with respect to herbaceous and tree seedling composition, and sapling and tree characteristics. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. N.C. Suitable pH: neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Tupelo-gum (Nyssa aquatica L.) seedlings were subjected to soil waterlogging and salt stresses to evaluated the response of this swamp tree species to saltwater intrusion which occurs in some forest along the Lousiana Gulf Coast due to rapid subsidence and brine discharge associated with oil-recovery operations.Hight growth was reduced shortly after treatments began and persisted … Special Value to Honey Bees (tupelo honey is sold throughout the South). Key Identifying Characteristics: Leaf shape (broadest near the tip), irregular coarse teeth near the tips of some leaves, and branches held more or less 90 degrees to the main stem, Key to Nyssa. Southern Magnolia Magnolia grandiflora Water Tupelo Nyssa aquatica Large, leathery evergreen leaves are glossy green on top and rusty-reddish suede on the underside. It is rarely used in the home landscape. We have one or two older examples of N. sylvatica which can grow to between 15m and 30m tall with drooping lower branches and obovate or oval leaves that turn spectacular shades of yellow, orange and scarlet in autumn. It grows well in medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade and prefers moist, acidic soils. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). It is finely fissured up and down the trunk, thin and scaly. It scorches the thin bark, allowing entrance of rot-causing fungi. Southeastern US flood plains, North Carolina. Large, glossy, oblong to obovate, dark green leaves (4 to 8 inches long and 2 to 4 inches wide) usually have smooth edges (but sometimes one or more large teeth) and usually are finely downy (but sometimes glabrous) underneath. Growth characteristics and nutrient utilization rate of Nyssa aquatica L. seedlings grown in pots containing flooded or well-drained soil were compared in a greenhouse study. Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… We investigated physical characteristics of several substrate types in a South Carolina riverine swamp forest, and the effect of those characteristics upon germination and seedling growth of the dominant swamp tree, Nyssa aquatica (water tupelo). The fruit can be eaten raw, often used in preserves. Cornaceae Dogwood family. Water Tupelo is a large swamp tree which in frequently flooded areas often has a swollen base . Flowers and fruits inconspicuous communities are succeeded by white alder (Alnus rhombifolia)/willow (Salix spp. One of the most striking and … Black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) is divided into two commonly recognized varieties, typical black tupelo (var. Nyssa sylvatica var. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. Easily grown in medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. Wood is light, soft, close-grained but not strong. A congener, swamp tupelo (Nyssa biflora Walt. Trees may not flower and fruit until reaching the age of 30 years. The bark is dark brown or dark grey. Propagation is by seed. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Water Tupelo, Cotton Gum (Nyssa aquatica) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. ... Characteristics & Attributes. Because of this, it is fairly uncommon in cultivation and the nursery trade. The relatively large pointed leaves turn bright yellow in fall. Nyssa aquatica, commonly called tupelo gum or water tupelo, is a large aquatic tree that is native to floodplains and swamps from Florida to Texas north to Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky and Virginia. Honey from water tupelo is thought to be the best honey in the world. It tolerates poorly-drained soils and can grow in standing water. Water Tupelo has a long, straight trunk, narrow, open crown of spreading branches, and large, shiny leaves. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. sylvatica) and swamp tupelo (var. 2 In the Sacremento Valley, common buttonbush/dogwood (Corunus spp.) biflora). As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Deciduous tree with broad, simple leaves; fruits are dark blue drupes. Propagation is by seed. Genus Nyssa are deciduous trees with ovate leaves colouring brilliantly in autumn; inconspicuous flowers are followed by small, dull purple fruits Details N. sylvatica is a small, slow-growing deciduous tree of elegant, broadly conical habit. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. The forest tent caterpillar (Malacosoma disstria) is a serious enemy in some years and locations. In a forested stand, the trunk is often long, but somewhat crooked, above its buttressed base. In Missouri, it is found only in the far southeastern corner of the State in Bootheel swamps and further west in several sinkhole ponds in the Ozarks (Steyermark). The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica), also called cottongum, sourgum, swamp tupelo, tupelo-gum, and water-gum, is a large, long-lived tree that grows in southern swamps and flood plains where its root system is periodically under water.It has a swollen base that tapers to a long, clear bole and often occurs in pure stands. According to Baker and Langdon (1990): "Loblolly pine is found in pure stands and in mixtures with other pines or hardwoods, and in association with a great variety of lesser vegetation.When loblolly pine predominates, it forms the forest cover type Loblolly Pine (Society of American Foresters Type 81). 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