New Amsterdam, centered in the eventual Lower Manhattan, in 1664, the year England took control and renamed it "New York". , The biotechnology sector is also growing in New York City, based upon the city's strength in academic scientific research and public and commercial financial support.  The tenth museum, the Museum for African Art, joined the ensemble in 2009, although its museum at 110th Street, the first new museum constructed on the Mile since the Guggenheim in 1959, opened in late 2012. Tourism is a vital industry for New York City, which has witnessed a growing combined volume of international and domestic tourists, receiving an eighth consecutive annual record of approximately 62.8 million visitors in 2017.  A disproved legend claims that Manhattan was purchased for $24 worth of glass beads.  Annually, the city averages 234 days with at least some sunshine. , New York is one of the most important sources of political fundraising in the United States. Bill de Blasio, the current and 109th Mayor of New York City.  The city's fashion industry provides approximately 180,000 employees with $11 billion in annual wages.. , The city's land has been altered substantially by human intervention, with considerable land reclamation along the waterfronts since Dutch colonial times; reclamation is most prominent in Lower Manhattan, with developments such as Battery Park City in the 1970s and 1980s. Central and Eastern European immigrants, especially Jewish immigrants from those regions, brought bagels, cheesecake, hot dogs, knishes, and delicatessens (or delis) to the city.  This is in contrast to the rest of the United States, where 91% of commuters travel in automobiles to their workplace. Slavery became integrally tied to New York's economy through the labor of slaves throughout the port, and the banks and shipping tied to the American South. The public CUNY system is one of the largest universities in the nation, comprising 24 institutions across all five boroughs: senior colleges, community colleges, and other graduate/professional schools. I Love New York (stylized I ❤ NY) is both a logo and a song that are the basis of an advertising campaign and have been used since 1977 to promote tourism in New York City, and later to promote New York State as well. New York interracial abolitionist activism continued; among its leaders were graduates of the African Free School.  In Evangelicalism, Baptists are the largest group; in Mainline Protestantism, Reformed Protestants are the largest. The annual Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade is the world's largest parade, beginning alongside Central Park and processing southward to the flagship Macy's Herald Square store; the parade is viewed on telecasts worldwide and draws millions of spectators in person.  One of the most heavily used bodies of water in the Port of New York and New Jersey, it had been one of the most contaminated industrial sites in the country, containing years of discarded toxins, an estimated 30 million US gallons (110,000 m3) of spilled oil, including the Greenpoint oil spill, raw sewage from New York City's sewer system, and other accumulation. It has generally been considered one of the most recognizable accents within American English.. New York City (NYC), often called simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.  It was not until 1827 that slavery was completely abolished in the state, and free Blacks struggled afterward with discrimination. During his tenure, the population of New Netherland grew from 2,000 to 8,000. Each year, the Conservatory hosts a senior Showcase in New York for all B.F.A. The city was a haven for Loyalist refugees and escaped slaves who joined the British lines for freedom newly promised by the Crown for all fighters. New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan; the post was named New Amsterdam in 1626. Approximately 12 million visitors to New York City were from outside the United States, with the highest numbers from the United Kingdom, Canada, Brazil, and China. The city's securities industry, enumerating 163,400 jobs in August 2013, continues to form the largest segment of the city's financial sector and an important economic engine, accounting in 2012 for 5.0 percent of the city's private sector jobs, 8.5 percent ($3.8 billion) of its tax revenue, and 22 percent of the city's total wages, including an average salary of $360,700. Welcome to Little Australia in New York City", "Why Are There So Many Australians in New York? Several small islands also compose part of the borough of Manhattan, including Randall's Island, Wards Island, and Roosevelt Island in the East River, and Governors Island and Liberty Island to the south in New York Harbor. The “Pas de deux” choreographed by Balanchine to the music of Stravinsky and danced by Diana Adams and Arthur Mitchell became a defining moment in ballet history.  Geographically co-extensive with New York County, the borough of Manhattan's 2017 population density of 72,918 inhabitants per square mile (28,154/km2) makes it the highest of any county in the United States and higher than the density of any individual American city. The city was the global epicenter of the pandemic during the early phase, before the infection spread worldwide. Ticker-tape parades celebrating championships won by sports teams as well as other heroic accomplishments march northward along the Canyon of Heroes on Broadway from Bowling Green to City Hall Park in Lower Manhattan. Continue walking and in a few minutes, you’re in the theatre district. In addition to other programming, the museums collaborate for the annual Museum Mile Festival, held each year in June, to promote the museums and increase visitation. The traditional New York area accent is characterized as non-rhotic, so that the sound [ɹ] does not appear at the end of a syllable or immediately before a consonant; therefore the pronunciation of the city name as "New Yawk. , One of the most common traits attributed to New York City is its fast pace, which spawned the term New York minute. , In the precolonial era, the area of present-day New York City was inhabited by Algonquian Native Americans, including the Lenape.  A record 62.8 million tourists visited New York City in 2017. Brooklyn is home to Fort Hamilton, the U.S. military's only active duty installation within New York City, aside from Coast Guard operations.  The storm and its profound impacts have prompted the discussion of constructing seawalls and other coastal barriers around the shorelines of the city and the metropolitan area to minimize the risk of destructive consequences from another such event in the future. MARQUEE WEEK | 7–22 January 2021 Americana Week.  In Queens, the elevated AirTrain people mover system connects JFK International Airport to the New York City Subway and the Long Island Rail Road; a separate AirTrain system is planned alongside the Grand Central Parkway to connect LaGuardia Airport to these transit systems.  By the Trewartha classification, the city is defined as having an oceanic climate (Do). Uniquely among major American cities, New York is divided between, and is host to the main branches of, two different U.S. district courts: the District Court for the Southern District of New York, whose main courthouse is on Foley Square near City Hall in Manhattan and whose jurisdiction includes Manhattan and the Bronx; and the District Court for the Eastern District of New York, whose main courthouse is in Brooklyn and whose jurisdiction includes Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island.  The city's punk and hardcore scenes were influential in the 1970s and 1980s.  Eleven Black men were lynched over five days, and the riots forced hundreds of blacks to flee the city for Williamsburg, Brooklyn, and New Jersey.  New York experienced several yellow fever epidemics in the 18th century, losing ten percent of its population to the disease in 1702 alone. The oldest public-access television channel in the United States is the Manhattan Neighborhood Network, founded in 1971.  According to Academic Ranking of World Universities, New York City has, on average, the best higher education institutions of any global city. , New York City is sometimes referred to collectively as the Five Boroughs.. Queens (Queens County), on Long Island north and east of Brooklyn, is geographically the largest borough, the most ethnically diverse county in the United States, and the most ethnically diverse urban area in the world. With almost 20 million people in its metropolitan statistical area and approximately 23 million in its combined statistical area, it is one of the world's most populous megacities. 54.6% of New Yorkers commuted to work in 2005 using mass transit. One office, at 11 Metrotech Center in Brooklyn, houses Manhattan/Citywide, Brooklyn, and Staten Island Fire Communications; the Bronx and Queens offices are in separate buildings. The present mayor is Bill de Blasio, the first Democrat since 1993.  Located at the southern tip of the State of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass.  Queens is served by the Queens Borough Public Library, the nation's second largest public library system, while the Brooklyn Public Library serves Brooklyn. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.  A highly influential example of the international style in the United States is the Seagram Building (1957), distinctive for its façade using visible bronze-toned I-beams to evoke the building's structure. On December 19, 2011, then Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg announced his choice of Cornell University and Technion-Israel Institute of Technology to build a $2 billion graduate school of applied sciences called Cornell Tech on Roosevelt Island with the goal of transforming New York City into the world's premier technology capital.  Manhattan is the cultural, administrative, and financial center of New York City and contains the headquarters of many major multinational corporations, the United Nations Headquarters, Wall Street, and a number of important universities. The character of New York's large residential districts is often defined by the elegant brownstone rowhouses and townhouses and shabby tenements that were built during a period of rapid expansion from 1870 to 1930. , The city's total area is 468.484 square miles (1,213.37 km2); 302.643 sq mi (783.84 km2) of the city is land and 165.841 sq mi (429.53 km2) of this is water.  Journalist Walt Whitman characterized New York's streets as being traversed by "hurrying, feverish, electric crowds".. This situation of boroughs separated by water led to the development of an extensive infrastructure of bridges and tunnels. These teams compete in six games of interleague play every regular season that has also come to be called the Subway Series.  Other ferry systems shuttle commuters between Manhattan and other locales within the city and the metropolitan area.  Arab Americans number over 160,000 in New York City, with the highest concentration in Brooklyn. The I Love New York logo, designed by Milton Glaser in 1977. Thirteen out of 27 U.S. congressional districts in the State of New York include portions of New York City. In 1972, it became the first city to win titles in five sports when the Cosmos won the NASL final. The Mayor and council members are elected to four-year terms.  Another theory is that widespread exposure to lead pollution from automobile exhaust, which can lower intelligence and increase aggression levels, incited the initial crime wave in the mid-20th century, most acutely affecting heavily trafficked cities like New York. With an estimated 2019 population of 8,336,817 distributed over about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. " There is no [ɹ] in words like park [pɑək] or [pɒək] (with vowel backed and diphthongized due to the low-back chain shift), butter [bʌɾə], or here [hiə].  It is home to the largest Jewish and Israeli communities outside Israel, with the Jewish population in the region numbering over 1.5 million in 2012 and including many diverse Jewish sects, predominantly from around the Middle East and Eastern Europe, and including a rapidly growing Orthodox Jewish population, the largest outside Israel.  In fiscal year 2013–14, Wall Street's securities industry generated 19% of New York State's tax revenue. New York's non-white population was 36,620 in 1890.  The city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. 4 (tie) Central Park, New York City—Annual Visitors: 40,000,000", "A$100 Million Thank-You for a Lifetime's Central Park Memories", National Tennis Center Strategic Vision Project, "Ladies and gentlemen, the Bronx is blooming! There are also several extrajudicial administrative courts, which are executive agencies and not part of the state Unified Court System.  Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City has been called both the world's leading financial center and the most financially powerful city in the world, and is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. Rockefeller Center is home to NBC Studios. , The New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation (HHC) operates the public hospitals and clinics in New York City. The George Washington Bridge is the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge, connecting Manhattan to Bergen County, New Jersey. The city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. In the 1800s, the city required their installation on buildings higher than six stories to prevent the need for excessively high water pressures at lower elevations, which could break municipal water pipes. Gateway National Recreation Area contains over 26,000 acres (110 km2) in total, most of it surrounded by New York City, including the Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge. Largely a result of Western European missionary work and colonialism, Christianity is the largest religion as of 2014. The North Tower became the tallest building ever to be destroyed anywhere then or subsequently. :31–32 New York also leads in hedge fund management; private equity; and the monetary volume of mergers and acquisitions. Yellow medallion taxicabs are widely recognized icons of the city, Manhattan Skyline seen from John F. Kennedy Airport. New York City is well known for its street parades, which celebrate a broad array of themes, including holidays, nationalities, human rights, and major league sports team championship victories. The East River—a tidal strait—flows from Long Island Sound and separates the Bronx and Manhattan from Long Island. The Yankees have won a record 27 championships, while the Mets have won the World Series twice. Unlike the rest of the United States, New York State prohibits right or left turns on red in cities with a population greater than one million, to reduce traffic collisions and increase pedestrian safety. New York City (NYC), often called simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.With an estimated 2019 population of 8,336,817 distributed over about 302.6 square miles (784 km 2), New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Kerry Washington was born on January 31, 1977 in The Bronx, New York City, New York, USA as Kerry Marisa Washington.  Other notable parades including the annual St. Patrick's Day Parade in March, the LGBT Pride March in June, the Greenwich Village Halloween Parade in October, and numerous parades commemorating the independence days of many nations. , In 1904, the steamship General Slocum caught fire in the East River, killing 1,021 people on board. New York city's population jumped from 123,706 in 1820 to 312,710 by 1840, 16,000 of whom were Black. , According to the 2016 World Health Organization Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database, the annual average concentration in New York City's air of particulate matter measuring 2.5 micrometers or less (PM2.5) was 7.0 micrograms per cubic meter, or 3.0 micrograms below the recommended limit of the WHO Air Quality Guidelines for the annual mean PM2.5. This is often misperceived by speakers of other accents as a reversal of the er and oy sounds, so that girl is pronounced "goil" and oil is pronounced "erl"; this leads to the caricature of New Yorkers saying things like "Joizey" (Jersey), "Toidy-Toid Street" (33rd St.) and "terlet" (toilet).  The record cold daily maximum was 2 °F (−17 °C) on December 30, 1917, while, conversely, the record warm daily minimum was 84 °F (29 °C), last recorded on July 22, 2011. Like the New York City Subway, the PATH operates 24 hours a day; meaning three of the six rapid transit systems in the world which operate on 24-hour schedules are wholly or partly in New York (the others are a portion of the Chicago 'L', the PATCO Speedline serving Philadelphia, and the Copenhagen Metro). , Many districts and landmarks in New York City are well known, including three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013. In 1639–1640, in an effort to bolster economic growth, the Dutch West India Company relinquished its monopoly over the fur trade, leading to growth in the production and trade of food, timber, tobacco, and slaves (particularly with the Dutch West Indies). In 2012, Democrat Barack Obama became the first presidential candidate of any party to receive more than 80% of the overall vote in New York City, sweeping all five boroughs. New York City is situated in the northeastern United States, in southeastern New York State, approximately halfway between Washington, D.C. and Boston. The Port of New York and New Jersey is also a major economic engine, handling record cargo volume in 2017, over 6.7 million TEUs. The Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH train) links Midtown and Lower Manhattan to northeastern New Jersey, primarily Hoboken, Jersey City, and Newark. , More than 600,000 students are enrolled in New York City's more than 120 higher education institutions, the highest number of any city in the world, with more than half a million in the City University of New York (CUNY) system alone as of 2020[update], including both degree and professional programs. An 800,000-square-foot (74,000 m2) permanent rail station designed by Santiago Calatrava, the World Trade Center Transportation Hub, the city's third-largest hub, was completed in 2016. Agents, managers and casting directors are invited to review student performances. Consider asking it at the Wikipedia reference desk.  In both its 2011 and 2015 rankings, Walk Score named New York City the most walkable large city in the United States, and in 2018, Stacker ranked New York the most walkable U.S.  The Mile, which contains one of the densest displays of culture in the world, is actually three blocks longer than one mile (1.6 km).  Walk and bicycle modes of travel account for 21% of all modes for trips in the city; nationally the rate for metro regions is about 8%.  Mayor Bill de Blasio has committed to an 80% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions between 2014 and 2050 to reduce the city's contributions to climate change, beginning with a comprehensive "Green Buildings" plan.  The city is also frequently the setting for novels, movies (see List of films set in New York City), and television programs. , Manhattan's skyline, with its many skyscrapers, is universally recognized, and the city has been home to several of the tallest buildings in the world.  The city became the center of stand-up comedy in the early 20th century, jazz in the 1940s, abstract expressionism in the 1950s, and the birthplace of hip hop in the 1970s. Several investment banks and investment managers headquartered in Manhattan are important participants in other global financial centers.  A Little Sri Lanka has developed in the Tompkinsville neighborhood of Staten Island. Manhattan Island is linked to New York City's outer boroughs and New Jersey by several tunnels as well.  Major biomedical research institutions include Memorial Sloan–Kettering Cancer Center, Rockefeller University, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, and Weill Cornell Medical College, being joined by the Cornell University/Technion-Israel Institute of Technology venture on Roosevelt Island. A public benefit corporation with $6.7 billion in annual revenues, HHC is the largest municipal healthcare system in the United States serving 1.4 million patients, including more than 475,000 uninsured city residents. Their homeland, known as Lenapehoking, included Staten Island, Manhattan, the Bronx, the western portion of Long Island (including the areas that would later become the boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens), and the Lower Hudson Valley.  There have been 35 Major League Baseball World Series and 73 pennants won by New York teams. Daytime temperatures exceed 90 °F (32 °C) on average of 17 days each summer and in some years exceed 100 °F (38 °C), although this is a rare achievement, last occurring on July 23, 2011.  The ethnoreligious population makes up 18.4% of the city and its religious demographic makes up 8%. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U.S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and is a symbol of the U.S. and its ideals of liberty and peace.  The most well-known hospital in the HHC system is Bellevue Hospital, the oldest public hospital in the United States. The Democratic Party holds the majority of public offices. In 2015, fewer than 23,000 New York City residents were employed in the manufacture of garments, accessories, and finished textiles, although efforts to revive the industry were underway. New York has long had a flourishing scene for Jewish American literature.  The ten largest sources of foreign-born individuals in the city as of 2011[update] were the Dominican Republic, China, Mexico, Guyana, Jamaica, Ecuador, Haiti, India, Russia, and Trinidad and Tobago, while the Bangladeshi-born immigrant population has become one of the fastest growing in the city, counting over 74,000 by 2011.  Powers Street Mosque in Brooklyn is one of the oldest continuously operating mosques in the U.S., and the first Islamic organization in the city and state.  The city is well known for its links to basketball, which is played in nearly every park in the city by local youth, many of whom have gone on to play for major college programs and in the NBA. More than 12 million European immigrants were received at Ellis Island between 1892 and 1924.  The opening of the subway in 1904, first built as separate private systems, helped bind the new city together. Staten Island (Richmond County) is the most suburban in character of the five boroughs. New York has architecturally noteworthy buildings in a wide range of styles and from distinct time periods, from the Dutch Colonial Pieter Claesen Wyckoff House in Brooklyn, the oldest section of which dates to 1656, to the modern One World Trade Center, the skyscraper at Ground Zero in Lower Manhattan and the most expensive office tower in the world by construction cost. 100 Experts Pick Their top 10 New York Towers", "7 World Trade Center and Hearst Building: New York's Test Cases for Environmentally Aware Office Towers", "If You're Thinking of Living In/Riverdale, the Bronx; A Community Jealous of Its Open Space", "New York Metro: 6 Affordable Neighborhoods", "If You're Thinking of Living In/Douglaston, Queens; Timeless City Area, With a Country Feel", "New Insight on the Nation's Earthquake Hazards", "World Map of Köppen-Geiger climate classification", "New York Polonia Polish Portal in New York", "New York Central Park, NY Climate Normals 1961−1990", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, https://www.weather.gov/media/okx/Climate/CentralPark/Below0DegreeDays.pdf, "Determining New York City's Record Wind Chill", "New York City Sea Temperature—United States—Sea Temperatures", "Damage From Irene Largely Spares New York—Recovery Is Slower in New York Suburbs", "Superstorm Sandy blamed for at least 11 U.S. deaths as it slams East Coast", "Hurricane Sandy Anniversary 2014: Fortifying New York—How Well Armored Are We for the Next Superstorm?  The tunnel was built instead of a bridge to allow unfettered passage of large passenger and cargo ships that sailed through New York Harbor and up the Hudson River to Manhattan's piers. Both teams moved to California in 1958. Multibillion-dollar heavy rail transit projects under construction in New York City include the Second Avenue Subway, and the East Side Access project. The New Jersey Devils play at Prudential Center in nearby Newark, New Jersey and traditionally represent the counties of neighboring New Jersey which are coextensive with the boundaries of the New York metropolitan area and media market.  The difficult years of the Great Depression saw the election of reformer Fiorello La Guardia as mayor and the fall of Tammany Hall after eighty years of political dominance. The city also hosts other smaller private colleges and universities, including many religious and special-purpose institutions, such as: St. John's University, The Juilliard School, Manhattan College, The College of Mount Saint Vincent, Parsons School of Design, The New School, Pratt Institute, New York Film Academy, The School of Visual Arts, The King's College, and Wagner College. View of The Pond and Midtown Manhattan from the Gapstow Bridge in Central Park, one of the world's most visited tourist attractions, in 2019. Fort Orange, 150 miles (240 km) north on the Hudson River, was renamed Albany after James's Scottish title. He encouraged her writings, and helped her publish a periodical containing her works. The Roman Catholic population are primarily served by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York.  Many large financial companies are headquartered in New York City, and the city is also home to a burgeoning number of financial startup companies. The city is the birthplace of many cultural movements, including the Harlem Renaissance in literature and visual art; abstract expressionism (also known as the New York School) in painting; and hip hop, punk, salsa, freestyle, Tin Pan Alley, certain forms of jazz, and (along with Philadelphia) disco in music. Average winter snowfall between 1981 and 2010 has been 25.8 inches (66 cm); this varies considerably between years.  The character Archie Bunker from the 1970s television sitcom All in the Family was an example of having used this pattern of speech. The George Washington Bridge, connecting Upper Manhattan (background) from Fort Lee, New Jersey across the Hudson River, is the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge.  In 2012, the NYPD came under scrutiny for its use of a stop-and-frisk program, which has undergone several policy revisions since then. A construction worker atop the Empire State Building as it was being built in 1930. Persons Obtaining Lawful Permanent Resident Status by Leading Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) of Residence and Region and Country of Birth: Fiscal Year 2014", "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011 Supplemental Table 2", "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2013 Lawful Permanent Residents Supplemental Table 2", "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2013 Lawful Permanent Residents Supplemental Table 1", "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2010 Supplemental Table 2", "Malaysian man smuggled illegal Chinese immigrants into Brooklyn using Queen Mary 2: authorities", "Selected Population Profile in the United States 2015 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA Chinese alone", "Most Significant Unreached People Group Communities in Metro NY", Table SF1-P9 NYC: Total Asian Population by Selected Subgroups, "Historical Census Statistics On Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990", "Census Estimates Show Another Increase in New York City's Non-Hispanic White Population", "A Community of Many Worlds: Arab Americans in New York City", "The Albanian-American Community in the United States : A Diaspora Coming to Visibility", "The Impact of Recent Immigration on the London Economy", "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data Geography: New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA", "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data Geography: United States", "Persons Obtaining Lawful Permanent Resident Status by Leading Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) of Residence and Region and Country of Birth: Fiscal Year 2013", "G-day!
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